Archive | March 2013

The More You Know the Words the More you can Fashion: Part 3

Skimmers: A flat shoe with little or no heel in leather, suede or cloth that slips on.  They are also referred to as ballerina slippers.

Split Skirt:  During the Victorian Era (mid- to late-nineteenth century) long split skirts were developed for horseback riding so that women could sit astride a man’s saddle rather than riding side-saddle. Culottes or split skirts were developed as an alternative to pants to provide women more freedom to do activities such as gardening, cleaning, bike riding, etc. and still look like one is wearing a skirt

Spread Collar: Spread collars measure from around 3½ to 6 inches between the collar points, and the wider collars are often referred to as cutaway or Windsor collars after the Duke of Windsor. This style of collar is considered formal.  Wikipedia.org

Sport Coat or Sports Jacket: is a tailored jacket for men. Though it is of a similar cut and length to a suit jacket there are many differences. First, it is less formal. Also it is designed to be worn on its own and does not come as part of a suit. Styles, fabrics, colors and patterns are also more varied; sturdier and thicker fabrics are most often used, such as herringbone and tweed.

Sportswear: Originally referred to clothing worn for sport or physical exercise and included footwear. Sport-specific clothing is worn for most sports and physical exercise, for practical, comfort or safety reasons. Sportswear now refers to casual clothing worn for work or play.

Straight Leg: Describes the shape of a pant leg.  The leg is larger than those found in skinny jeans with a larger opening at the calf and ankle.

Suit Separates: Suit pieces such as jackets, pants, and skirts that can be purchased separately to add to ones wardrobe.

 

Tab collar:  are point collars with two strips of fabric extending from the middle of the collar and joined behind the tie. These lift the tie, giving an arc effect similar to a pinned collar. The tabs can be closed with a metal snap, button or stud.

Tailor notched collar: a wing-shaped collar with a triangular notch in it. Often seen in blazers and blouses with business suits.

Tailored separates: Includes trousers, jackets and tops for women that can be coordinated and worn in place of a suit.

Tartan Plaid:  is a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colors. Tartans originated in woven wool, but now they are made in many other materials. Tartan is particularly associated with Scotland. Scottish kilts almost always have tartan patterns.

Tencel: is the brand name for Lyocell, a regenerated cellulose fiber made from dissolving pulp (bleached wood pulp). Lyocell when on sale to the public as rayon in 1991. Wikipedia.org

Terry Velour: is a plush, knitted fabric or textile. It is usually made from cotton but can also be made from synthetic materials such as polyester. Velour is used in a wide variety of applications, including clothing.

Tropical Weight Wool: is a two-ply, plain weave, worsted wool that is sturdy but lightweight, airy, and breathable. Tropical wool (sometimes called `summer weight wool) is used in the production of warm-weather suits and other clothing items.

Twill: is a type of textile weave that has a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs created by passing the weft thread over one or more warp threads and then under two or more warp threads and so on, with a “step” or offset between rows to create the characteristic diagonal pattern. This results in a fabric that drapes well and is sturdy. Examples of twill fabric include chino, drill, denim, gabardine, tweed and serge.  Wikipedia. org

V- neckline: this is formed by two diagonal lines from the shoulders that meet on the chest creating a V shape.

Welt pocket: is a small, flat pocket that is commonly used on the exterior and interior breast on a man’s suit jacket or trouser.  In women’s wear welt pockets are used on blazers and suit jackets as well as pants. Depending on the design of the pants, the welt pocket may have a button closure.

Wingtips: are characterized by a pointed toe cap with extensions (wings) that run along both sides of the toe, terminating near the ball of the foot. Viewed from the top, this toe cap style is “W” shaped and looks similar to a bird with extended wings, explaining the style name “wingtips” that is commonly used in the United States. The toe cap of a full brogue is both perforated and serrated along its edges and includes additional decorative perforations in the center of the toe cap.

Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep, goats, alpacas, rabbits camels and other animals.  The textile has several qualities that distinguish it from hair or fur: it is crimped, it is elastic, and it grows in staples (clusters).

Worsted Wool: This is wool that has been manufactured in Worstead, England since the eighteenth century. Wool fibers are spun into compact, smoothly twisted yarn before weaving or knitting. The wool then goes through a second combing process which removes unwanted short fibers. Because the remaining long-staple fibers lay flat and parallel, worsted wool is a popular choice for suiting and dress trousers and is also wrinkle and crease resistant.

 

 

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The More you Know the More you can Fashion!: Part 2

Little Black Dress (LBD) is an evening or cocktail dress, cut simply and often quite short.  It is considered a staple in a woman’s evening wardrobe.

Loafers: also referred to as slip-ons, are typically low, lace-less shoes. The style most commonly seen has a moccasin construction with or without flaps or tassels.

Lycra Spandex: is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.  It is strong, but less durable than natural Latex. It is a copolymer invented in 1959 by chemists C. L. Sandquist and Joseph Shivers at DuPont’s Laboratory in Virginia.  LYCRA is the brand name for spandex made by INVISTA formerly part of DuPont.

Madras: is lightweight cotton fabric with patterned texture and plaid design, used primarily for summer clothing—pants, shorts, dresses and jackets. The fabric takes its name from the former English name of the city of Chennai, India. As a fabric, it is notable because the front and back of the fabric are indistinguishable.

Man Bags: As an alternative to backpacks and common in Europe, a vehicle to carry one’s wallet and keys for men, also known as a male purse or man-purse.

Mock Turtleneck: resembles the turtleneck with the soft fold at its top and the way it stands up around the neck, but both ends of the tube forming the collar are sewn to the neckline.

Novelty Fabrics:  fabrics that are novel striking, original or unusual.

Oxford cloth: a woven fabric of a basket weave structure that is popular in men’s dress shirts. Varieties in the cloth are the plain Oxford, the pinpoint Oxford and the more formal, royal Oxford.

Oxford shoe:  is a style of laced shoe characterized by shoelace eyelet tabs that are stitched underneath the vamp, a construction method that is also sometimes referred to as “closed lacing”. Oxfords originally came from the United Kingdom, where they were called Balmorals after the Queen’s castle in Scotland, Balmoral

Patch pocket: bag, purse or pouch from fabric that is attached to the garment.

Pencil Skirts:  a slim-fitting skirt with a straight, narrow cut. Generally the hem falls to, or just below, the knee and is tailored for a close fit. It is named for its shape: long and slim like a pencil.

Pocket Square: A handkerchief that is used as a purely decorative accessory in a suit pocket.

Polo shirt: also known as a golf shirt and tennis shirt, is a T-shaped shirt with a collar, typically a two- or three-button placket, and an optional pocket. Polo shirts are usually made of knitted cloth such as pique or jersey in cotton.

Polyester: is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Although there are many polyesters, the term “polyester” as a specific material most commonly refers to polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

Princess Seams: In dresses this design does its shaping without darts, by joining edges of different curvature. The resulting “princess seams” typically run vertically from the shoulder (or under the arm) over the bust point and down to the lower hem. This creates a long, slimming look, often seen in dresses with an “A-line” silhouette.

Raglan sleeve: a sleeve that extends to the neckline. As opposed to the set in sleeve the raglan allows for easier sizing variations.

Ratio: the relationship in quantity, amount, or size between two or more things.

Raw silk:  Also known as Silk Noil. A textured fabric with nubs and random flecks that can be dyed easily.

Regimental Stripe: Of British origin, this pattern is found commonly in ties with two or more colors alternating in a diagonal strip across the tie.

Ruffle shirt: a design with fabric that can be either asymmetrical or not usually down the front placket of a shirt or around the collar.  The ruffle introduces curved shapes into a somewhat tailored design.

Satin: is a weave that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. It is a warp-dominated weaving technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric. The fabric is formed with a satin weave using filament fibers such as silk, nylon, or polyester.

Scotch Plaid: Another name for a Tartan Plaid, a criss cross design originally from Scotland.

Set-in sleeve: Is a sleeve sewn into an armhole commonly found in suit jackets.

Silhouette: Represents the outline of a shape and in fashion is used to describe the shape created by wearing clothing of a particular style.

Shift or Chemise:  refers to a short, sleeveless dress that hangs straight from the shoulders and fits loosely at the waist. Wikipedia

Sheath: is a type of dress designed to tightly fit the body. It is often made of a very light and thin material like cotton or silk and typically falls around the knees or lower thighs, and can be either strapped or strapless.  Wikipedia.org

Single Knit Jersey: Refers to a single needle bed knitting the fabric. Fabric knitted on only one needle bed is jersey fabric. Jersey is considered to be an excellent fabric for draped garments, such as dresses, and women’s tops.  An example of a single jersey knit is a Tshirt.