The More you Know the More you can Fashion!: Part 2

Little Black Dress (LBD) is an evening or cocktail dress, cut simply and often quite short.  It is considered a staple in a woman’s evening wardrobe.

Loafers: also referred to as slip-ons, are typically low, lace-less shoes. The style most commonly seen has a moccasin construction with or without flaps or tassels.

Lycra Spandex: is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.  It is strong, but less durable than natural Latex. It is a copolymer invented in 1959 by chemists C. L. Sandquist and Joseph Shivers at DuPont’s Laboratory in Virginia.  LYCRA is the brand name for spandex made by INVISTA formerly part of DuPont.

Madras: is lightweight cotton fabric with patterned texture and plaid design, used primarily for summer clothing—pants, shorts, dresses and jackets. The fabric takes its name from the former English name of the city of Chennai, India. As a fabric, it is notable because the front and back of the fabric are indistinguishable.

Man Bags: As an alternative to backpacks and common in Europe, a vehicle to carry one’s wallet and keys for men, also known as a male purse or man-purse.

Mock Turtleneck: resembles the turtleneck with the soft fold at its top and the way it stands up around the neck, but both ends of the tube forming the collar are sewn to the neckline.

Novelty Fabrics:  fabrics that are novel striking, original or unusual.

Oxford cloth: a woven fabric of a basket weave structure that is popular in men’s dress shirts. Varieties in the cloth are the plain Oxford, the pinpoint Oxford and the more formal, royal Oxford.

Oxford shoe:  is a style of laced shoe characterized by shoelace eyelet tabs that are stitched underneath the vamp, a construction method that is also sometimes referred to as “closed lacing”. Oxfords originally came from the United Kingdom, where they were called Balmorals after the Queen’s castle in Scotland, Balmoral

Patch pocket: bag, purse or pouch from fabric that is attached to the garment.

Pencil Skirts:  a slim-fitting skirt with a straight, narrow cut. Generally the hem falls to, or just below, the knee and is tailored for a close fit. It is named for its shape: long and slim like a pencil.

Pocket Square: A handkerchief that is used as a purely decorative accessory in a suit pocket.

Polo shirt: also known as a golf shirt and tennis shirt, is a T-shaped shirt with a collar, typically a two- or three-button placket, and an optional pocket. Polo shirts are usually made of knitted cloth such as pique or jersey in cotton.

Polyester: is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Although there are many polyesters, the term “polyester” as a specific material most commonly refers to polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

Princess Seams: In dresses this design does its shaping without darts, by joining edges of different curvature. The resulting “princess seams” typically run vertically from the shoulder (or under the arm) over the bust point and down to the lower hem. This creates a long, slimming look, often seen in dresses with an “A-line” silhouette.

Raglan sleeve: a sleeve that extends to the neckline. As opposed to the set in sleeve the raglan allows for easier sizing variations.

Ratio: the relationship in quantity, amount, or size between two or more things.

Raw silk:  Also known as Silk Noil. A textured fabric with nubs and random flecks that can be dyed easily.

Regimental Stripe: Of British origin, this pattern is found commonly in ties with two or more colors alternating in a diagonal strip across the tie.

Ruffle shirt: a design with fabric that can be either asymmetrical or not usually down the front placket of a shirt or around the collar.  The ruffle introduces curved shapes into a somewhat tailored design.

Satin: is a weave that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. It is a warp-dominated weaving technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric. The fabric is formed with a satin weave using filament fibers such as silk, nylon, or polyester.

Scotch Plaid: Another name for a Tartan Plaid, a criss cross design originally from Scotland.

Set-in sleeve: Is a sleeve sewn into an armhole commonly found in suit jackets.

Silhouette: Represents the outline of a shape and in fashion is used to describe the shape created by wearing clothing of a particular style.

Shift or Chemise:  refers to a short, sleeveless dress that hangs straight from the shoulders and fits loosely at the waist. Wikipedia

Sheath: is a type of dress designed to tightly fit the body. It is often made of a very light and thin material like cotton or silk and typically falls around the knees or lower thighs, and can be either strapped or strapless.

Single Knit Jersey: Refers to a single needle bed knitting the fabric. Fabric knitted on only one needle bed is jersey fabric. Jersey is considered to be an excellent fabric for draped garments, such as dresses, and women’s tops.  An example of a single jersey knit is a Tshirt.


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About vseitz

Marketing Professor at California State University, San Bernardino and author of "I Don't Wear A Suit."

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